The 21-year-old was also charged with assault and repeatedly engaging in controlling and coercive behaviour.
He was arrested in January amid allegations surrounding images and videos that emerged online.
The forward, from Bowdon, Greater Manchester, spoke only to confirm his name, date of birth and address.
Proceedings at Manchester and Salford Magistrates’ Court were then adjourned by District Judge Mark Hadfield, who later made the decision to remand Mr Greenwood in custody.
His next court appearance was scheduled for 21 November at Manchester Crown Court.
Mr. Greenwood had been on bail since January, but was re-arrested in Trafford on Saturday for an alleged breach of the conditions.
Wearing a grey hooded Nike jumper and grey jogging bottoms, he was flanked by two officers.
His family sat in a full public gallery in the small courtroom, along with members of the press.
The attempted rape is alleged to have taken place in October 2021.
The charge of assault occasioning actual bodily harm is said to have taken place in December 2021.